Global Dog Breeds
Dogs A-Z Purebred



Little known for its origin, Akbash dog is an ancient breed, bred in Turkey as a guard livestock. It borrows the characteristics of ancestry mastiff and sighthound which is also evident in its design. Two American researchers, David Nelson and Judith in the late 1970s took interest in Akbash and brought many of them to the USA.


Interesting Facts

  • Akbash can risk their own lives to protect their family
  • They are clean and calm
  • They are the National dog of Turkey
  • Puppy Akbash becomes mobile within six weeks after birth
  • Very intelligent but not suitable for inexperienced owners

Facts About Akbash

Breed Group Working/ Flock Guard
Breed Type Purebred
Country of Origin Turkey
Other Names Akbash, Akbas Çoban Kopegi, Coban Kopegi
Size Large to giant
Height Female: 27-32 inches

Male: 28-35 inches

Weight Female:  75-105 pounds

Male: 90-140 pounds

Competitive Registration/ Qualification Information NKC, UKC, CKC, ADI, APRI, ACR, DRA,TKC
Shedding Moderate
Hypoallergenic No
Litter Size 6-9 puppies
Colour White
Life Expectancy 10-12 years
Coat Dense, short to medium, rough & double
Price $500-$700 USD

Temperament and Personality

As a flock-guard dog, the Akbash puppies are highly protective and selective. They are very loyal and responsible when it comes to protecting the children in their family and would even keep the house under surveillance. Initial barking or howling at strangers is their feature, but they are not aggressive. Being courageous and independent, they can work without any human guidance. Not being tolerant of other breeds, they should be kept separated and left in their own space to play.



The working dog has a low rate of metabolism with little energy and they require proper exercise hours otherwise they can turn destructive regarding barking, pacing, digging, chewing, etc. They should be taken for long walks or jogging and left in an area to play around.


The dog requires nominal grooming as they have a harsh coat which needs brushing to limit the shedding process. Bathing is rarely needed, but trimming of nails and brushing of teeth should be regular.


Health Problems

The Akbash are more prone to hip dysplasia. However, they can have other problems like lymphoma, osteosarcoma, epilepsy, gastric torsion, severe ligament injury, cardiomyopathy, kidney failure, umbilical hernias and other cancerous diseases. They should be kept away from sun and heat even.


It is necessary to train the breed consistently and reward them when needed because being harsh can make them irritated. Teaching who is the leader is useful because their authoritative instinct is high and they need to be trained to socialize.


The Akbash is a meat-eating breed but can survive on vegetables rich in nutrition and fiber. Dry foods should be given with ideal canned food and meal should be provided only twice a day.



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