It is an unusual condition when the eyelids roll inside. This sudden change in the behavior of the eyelid(s) will superficially cause the hair follicles of the eyelid to scrape against the outer part of the eyeball resulting in minor or severe pain. It can cause further damage in the form of corneal ulcers or sudden corneal erosions. The accidental damage to the outer part of the eyeball can also develop corneal scarring and interfere with the animal’s vision.
Most of the dogs will frequently squint, hold the eye tightly and tear excessively, clinically called as epiphora. An interesting fact is that many flat faced dogs with their cornered nose will dispose of no signs of discomfort commonly associated with the condition.
- The pet can have lacrimation
- Occasional ocular discharge
- These discharges are thick and gummy with blood or pus
- Frequent squinting
- Redness of the eyes
- Frequent blepharospasm
- Visible inward rolling of the upper and lower eyelids
- The thick and heavy skin around the eyes
- Swelling of the eyes
- Difficulty in opening the eyes, especially during the mornings
- Pain and frequent episodes of canine depression
- Laziness due to pain
- Being aggressive due to pain
- Corneal erosion or ulceration
- Rupture of the cornea
Any specific breeds predisposed to the condition?
This condition is mostly hereditary. The exact genetic reasons are unknown, and many breeds are often seen suffering from the disease. These races are as follows:
- Shih Tzu
- Japanese Chin
- English toy spaniel
- Siberian husky
- Staffordshire bull terrier
- Yorkshire terrier
- Old English sheepdog
- American Staffordshire terrier
- Chesapeake Bay retriever
- Flat-coated retriever
- Bernese Mountain dog
- Irish setter
- Gordon setter
- Golden retriever
- English springer spaniel
- Great Dane
- English and American cocker spaniel
- Labrador retriever
- Saint Bernard
- The Great Pyrenees
- Basset hound
- Toy and miniature poodle
- Clumber spaniel
The most effective and viable option is surgical intervention. The surgeon will remove a section of skin from the affected eyelid. It will be done to reverse the eye’s inward rolling. In some other cases, an initial major surgical correction will be done, and a second surgery will follow soon which will be a minor corrective surgery afterward.
Vets often perform these two surgeries to decrease the risk of over-correcting the entropion. It can, later on, result in an outward-rolling eyelid clinically called as Ectropion. Most dogs won’t get surgical intervention until they step into their adulthood.
The prognosis for the surgical intervention is quite good. Most dogs enjoy a pain-free healthy life, but they do need few minor or major surgeries in the initial days of the condition. If corneal scarring occurs again, there can be irreversible permanent visual deficits for the dog. The veterinarian will discuss treatment and diagnostic plan to help the owner handle and treat this condition.