The rumors about the dogs and the chocolate are correct, it can be a favorite treat, but it has negative consequences for all the dog breeds. Chocolates are toxic to dogs because of its theobromine component. Humans can efficiently metabolize this component, but the process of the dogs is slow which allows building up toxic levels in their system. A relatively small amount will give diarrhea, vomiting with an upset stomach.
However, a large dog can consume increased amounts as compared to the small dogs before suffering from ill effects. On the other hand, a significant amount of chocolate can have adverse effects like irregular heartbeat, muscle tremors, seizures, bleeding even death. As people know that all the chocolates are not same and do not contain the same amount of theobromine. Amongst all, dark chocolate is the most dangerous for dogs than other chocolate as it has a high level of toxic materials.
Chocolate has stimulants like methylxanthines, caffeine, and theobromine. These are toxic chemicals which can cause stomach disorders and upset the entire metabolic processes which result in chocolate toxicity. However, the level of methylxanthines differs from product to product, but there is no specific amount which is safe for dogs. The individual methylxanthines vary from dog to dog. This is the reason some dogs eat chocolate and do not experience any harmful side effects, while few dogs suffer very severely after eating a small amount.
Chocolate poisoning amount
All chocolates are not created in the same way, the dry cocoa powder has the highest amount of methylxanthines (28.5 mg/g) with unsweetened chocolate (16mg/g) dark chocolate (5.4 – 5.7 mg/g) milk chocolate (2.3 mg/g). Knowing what type of chocolate the dog can help to understand the emergency situation. Mild symptoms of chocolate toxicity occur when the dog consumes 20 mg of methylxanthines per kg of body weight. Heart problems due to chocolate toxicity occur around 40 to 50 mg per kg and seizures occur at a dosage greater than 60 mg per kg. It means eating one chocolate bar is injurious and can have ill effects, especially for the smaller dogs. On the other hand, a tiny piece won’t kill a larger breed. However, it is not advisable to feed chocolate as a treat.
|Chocolate Type||Quantity||Dog’s Weight|
|Baking Chocolate||0.5 ounce||10 pound|
|1 ounce||20 pound|
|1.5 ounce||30 pound|
|Recommended Companies||Baker’s Chocolate, Callebaut, Guittard, Lindt, Ghirardelli,
Menier, Valroha and Scharffeen Bereger.
|Dark Chocolate||1.5 ounce||10 pound|
|3 ounce||20 pound|
|4.5 ounce||30 pound|
|Milk Chocolate||3.5 ounce||10 pound|
|7 ounce||20 pound|
|10.5 ounce||30 pound|
|Recommended Companies||Kit Kat, Cadbury, Dove, Kinder, Toblerone, Ferrero Rocher, galaxy, mars|
|White Chocolate||47 pounds||10 pound|
|95 pounds||20 pound|
|145 ponds||30 pound|
Symptoms of Toxicity in Dogs
If an owner suspects that the pet has eaten chocolate, one should call the vet immediately and should notice the following signs.
- abnormal heart rhythms
- increased thirst
- increased heart rate
- elevated blood pressure
- high body temperature
Tips to prevent chocolate toxicity
It is one of the most common deserts on which people rely. The dog becomes ill and even dies if it eats any chocolate. Tips to prevent chocolate toxicity.
- Don’t feed the dog with chocolate even in minuscule amounts, keep a watch if it accidentally ingests bite or two.
- Chocolate flavoring is also not advisable as it might contain tiny bits of toxic ingredients. On the other hand, flavoring can also allow the dog develop a taste for it and associate chocolate as food.
- Dogs are known to be ingenious when it comes to food, hence keep all the chocolate related food flavoring or bars locked inside a cabinet t avoid them have a bite.
- The most common way of getting poisoned is chocolate lying around. It takes just a split of a second for the dogs to eat things which are scattered around.
- Don’t develop the habit of treating them chocolates, instead develop training which tells them it is not a food but poison.
However, if the dog gets poisoned with chocolate, call the veteran as soon as possible to or call the local poison control center for advice.