Global Dog Breeds



Tornjak originated in Herzegovina and Bosnia, thousand years back and were used as guarding livestock. The breed was called “ Hrvatski pas planinac,” and “Bosanski Ovcar” is brought up in the manuscripts from 800,1067 and 1374. It is believed that this dog is possibly an offspring of the Tibetan Mastiff from Iran. However, this dog was named as “Kanis Montanus,” which means a mountain dog, later it changed to Tornjak. It is thought that this breed is an heir of the livestock guardian breeds which were developed 9000 years ago in Mesopotamia.

Some researchers also believe that this breed was used by Romans for war to fight and guard. The race was on the verge of extinction in 1972 and attempts to restoring started the Tornjak. The breed got registration by the name of Bosnian- Herzegovinian sheepdog- Tornjak on 9th May 1981 as an autochthonous breed. It got recognition by UKC in 2011 and UKC in 2012. Presently the dog is famous as a working dog, and it is also a member of Foundation Stock Service.

Croatian Mountain Dog

Facts About Tornjak

Breed Group Mountain dogs, Molossers, Working Dogs, Livestock Guarding Dogs
Breed Type Purebred
Country of Origin Bosnia, Herzegovina Croatia
Other Names Shepherd Dog, Bosnian Shepherd Dog, Bosnian and Herzegovinian Shepherd Dog, Croatian Mountain Dog, Bosnian-Herzegovinian and Croatian Shepherd Dog
Size & Height Large
Weight Male: 25-27 lbs

Female: 60-88 lbs

Competitive Registration / Qualification Information AKC (FSS), UKC, FCI, DRA, ACA
Shedding Moderate (maximum during summer months)
Hypoallergenic No
Litter Size 6-10 puppies
Color Gray, White, Yellow, red-brown and black in varying patterns
Life Expectancy 12-14 years
Coat coarse, straight topcoat, Wooly, heavy double coat with a thick undercoat and a long
Price $600- $800


Temperament & Personality

These dogs are peaceful and calm dogs which do not show any sign of aggression or nervousness. They mix with children and are very gentle with them. Tornjaks are very loyal to their family members and develop a unique bond with them. They are very brave and strong and do not step back in any situation. These large dogs do not live happily in apartment life and are happiest in homes with a roomy backyard. They cannot stay in a small place for a long time and develop destructive behavior. They inform their owner as soon as they see an intruder in its territory which makes it an ideal watchdog.



It is highly energetic and requires heavy workout schedule. Exercise options include ample of playtime in a fenced yard, long walk two times a day. Indoor activities like hide and seek, chasing a ball, learning new tricks, puzzle games, etc. Outdoor activities like flying discs, hiking, swimming, retrieving balls provide a good outlet for spending energy.


Tornjak have a long, dense coat which requires brushing once or twice a week with a metal comb and pin brush. To remove tangles, matt splitter will be necessary it will not only remove tangles from its coat but will make its coat shiny. Additionally, the de-tangler spray is also advisable if the dog has many knots.  It has a double coat and will need more care and maintenance during shedding season. Using a de-shedder brush will be ideal during its shedding months. Bath them with lukewarm water and a mild shampoo, it will loosen the hair which needs to shed out. Tornjak drools as it is of Mastiff descent, but not intensely like other Mastiff type breeds. It does not have any adverse odor and does not require frequent baths.

The dog has droopy ears which retain moisture and wax collection and require checking every week to thwart painful infection. Their nails grow very fast and need reviewing every week, overgrown nails will require clipping with a clipper. Tooth brushing twice a week will keep up with its oral health and baffle tartar development.

Health Problems

Tornjak is a healthy breed, but few dogs might face some health problems in their lives. It might develop hip dysplasia if they are liable to harsh exercise like climbing stairs, running long distances, etc. If the dog intakes a protein-rich diet, it can cause a list of health issues with a poor quality coat.


They have a very sharp memory which makes them easy to train, they do not require repetitions. They are independent thinkers and needs training at an early age it will prevent them to become disobedient in future. The ideal way to teach these dogs is to expose them to firm and consistent practice from early days.

Socialization with other pets, unknown people and loud noises at a very early age is crucial. Without proper socialization, the dog might react roughly when exposed to sudden loud noises. Visiting dog’s parks, public places will allow the dog to meet unknown people and pets.

Commands training, “Come,” “No,” “Sit,” “Stop,” and many more will help the dog to understand what the owner wants it to do. It will help the owner to control the dog in a better way.

Before the dog explores its strength, leash training is important. Otherwise they can pull out the leash and run away. It responds quickly to positive training methods.



High-quality dry dog food specially formulated for large dog breeds with low protein diet is ideal for this breed. However, a veteran suggestion will be the best way to determine its intake and frequency of a puppy or an adult.



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