Eye diseases are as prevalent in canines as in humans. Conditions such as Conjunctival Hyperemia happen due to a prolong vascularity of the eyelids. An eye inflammation may diffuse and affect one or both the eyes.
Blepharitis is an eye inflammation involving both the outer skin and the middle portion of the eyelids. This can also be seen as a secondary condition of the inner surface of the eyelids and is known as Palpebral Conjunctiva.
Some dogs with some above mentioned congenital abnormalities are more likely to develop Blepharitis. Specific breeds are Pekingese, English Bulldogs, Labrador Retrievers, Rottweillers, Chow Chows, and Collies.
The owner has to submit a thorough history of the dog’s health. The commencement of the symptoms and probable reasons that may have accelerated this condition is given a thorough check. The dog has to undergo several tests like complete physical examination, a biochemistry profile, urinalysis, and total blood count.
The Vet may also collect samples from the affected ocular area which will be done to identify the causative micro-organism if present. A test with the name of Schirmer Tear Exam is done to determine if the eyes are producing enough tears. The examination may also reveal the presence of food allergy. In that case, further investigation is needed.
The overall treatment of this condition depends on the underlying causes of the disease. In many cases, the Vet may suggest the Elizabeth collar while severe cases may require heavy medications or even surgical intervention. If causes like food allergens are found, then the allergens need to be identified and deleted from the pet’s diet.
The prognosis entirely depends on understanding and dealing with the underlying causes. It's a harsh truth that some dogs will not respond to these treatments while others will actively respond. A regular dose of antibiotics will dispose positive responses from the dog’s side.