Diabetes Mellitus In Dogs

An overview of diabetes mellitus

It is the ailment of the pancreatic gland. The pancreas is a compact but crucial gland. It lies under the stomach. It has the combination of two vital group of cells. The first cell groups give out enzymes for the proper digestion of food. The second group has beta cells needed for the production of insulins. Insulin monitors the level of sugar in the bloodstream. It delivers the glucose to the bodily tissues.

We can simply say that this condition is the result of the failure to regulate blood sugar production by the pancreas. The medical symptoms have a  relationship with the level of blood glucose. Also the body’s inability to use glucose as a source of energy.

The clinical signs of this condition and the reason(s) of occurrence

The four significant signs and symptoms of diabetes are:

1.An escalation in thirst

2.A growth in urination

3.A sudden surge in weight loss

4.An escalation appetite

Glucose plays a crucial role in providing some energy that the cells need. The cells have to absorb the glucose first. Insulin sticks on the surface of cells. Then it opens up the pores in the cellular wall. It allows the glucose molecules to enter the cell's interior, after leaving the bloodstream. Sometimes the glucose is unable to get into the cells, and without an adequate amount of insulin to open the doors. It will then accumulate in the blood and will set in motion a series of events that will result in the condition.

When the body stops producing enough insulin, the cells get deprived of their primary source of energy. As an anti-reaction to this sudden starvation, the body will break down protein and fat to get energy. This sudden deprivation will stimulate and increase hunger. The dog will start eating more food. It will result in weight loss in a dog with a massive appetite.

The dog’s body will try to flush out the extra sugar (glucose) by excreting it through the urine. Glucose naturally attracts water and promotes loss of bodily fluids through urine. It will result in the over-production of the massive quantity of urine. To avoid the condition of dehydration, the canine will start to drink more water.

Some enquire about giving their dog the same kind of treatments as a diabetic human gets. Is it right?

We have  two forms of diabetes mellitus. In both the cases, the body stops to regulate the production of blood sugar. The basic system of disease differs among the two types.

The insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus happens when there is total or near-complete destruction of beta cells which produces insulin. This is the prevalent form of canine diabetes. Simply going by the name, dogs with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus will need insulin injections to balance their blood sugar.

In the Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, few insulin-producing cells are present, but the insulin production is not sufficient. There is a delation in secreting it. The bodily tissues are resistant to insulins. This variety is common in obese dogs.


Diagnosis and tests are done after monitoring the general signs of the body. The vet may find a persistent increase of glucose in the bloodstream. Further, there can be the presence of glucose in the animal’s urine.

The normal level of glucose or sugar in the bloodstream is eighty to hundred and twenty mg/dl. It may rise to two hundred and fifty to three hundred mg/dl. A sudden surge can happen after a high-calorie meal. But diabetes is the disease which causes the blood glucose level to rise above four hundred mg/dl. Some of our furry friends can suffer from diabetes, will have a glucose level as high as seven hundred to eight hundred mg/dl. Though most will be in the range of four hundred to six hundred mg/dl.

For the conservation of glucose in the body, the kidneys will hamper themselves from filtering glucose out of the bloodstream into the urine, until an extreme level is reached. Dogs with even glucose levels will not have glucose (sugar) in their urine. Once blood glucose reaches hundred and eighty mg/dl, the kidneys remove the excess by flushing it out through the urine. That’s why diabetic dogs and people have sugar or glucosuria in their urine when their insulin levels have decreased.


Diabetic dogs will normally need two insulin jabs every day. The nutrition plays a very crucial role as a major component of disease management. These dogs will need the same quantity of food on the same schedule every day. The animal can live without its insulin a day or two, but depriving it from the injections frequently will welcome a major crisis. The whole treatment should be a massive part of the animal’s daily routine. The dog's owner must make both a personal and a financial commitment to treat his pet.

The dog must get his daily treatment while the owner is away from his home. For this beforementioned, the owner can enroll the dog in a canine creche, where it will get the help of the professionals. Once the dog becomes accustomed with the treatment, the overall cost of the treatment and maintenance becomes reasonable. The insulin, special diet, and syringes are not real pocket punching. The financial commitment here plays a significant role during the initial complications or regulation process.

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