It is an unusual condition when the eyelids roll inside. This sudden change in the behavior of the eyelid(s) will superficially cause the hair follicles of the eyelid to scrape against the outer part of the eyeball resulting in minor or severe pain. It can cause further damage in the form of corneal ulcers or sudden corneal erosions. The accidental damage to the outer part of the eyeball can also develop corneal scarring and interfere with the animal’s vision.
Most of the dogs will frequently squint, hold the eye tightly and tear excessively, clinically called as epiphora. An interesting fact is that many flat faced dogs with their cornered nose will dispose of no signs of discomfort commonly associated with the condition.
This condition is mostly hereditary. The exact genetic reasons are unknown, and many breeds are often seen suffering from the disease. These races are as follows:
The most effective and viable option is surgical intervention. The surgeon will remove a section of skin from the affected eyelid. It will be done to reverse the eye’s inward rolling. In some other cases, an initial major surgical correction will be done, and a second surgery will follow soon which will be a minor corrective surgery afterward.
Vets often perform these two surgeries to decrease the risk of over-correcting the entropion. It can, later on, result in an outward-rolling eyelid clinically called as Ectropion. Most dogs won't get surgical intervention until they step into their adulthood.
The prognosis for the surgical intervention is quite good. Most dogs enjoy a pain-free healthy life, but they do need few minor or major surgeries in the initial days of the condition. If corneal scarring occurs again, there can be irreversible permanent visual deficits for the dog. The veterinarian will discuss treatment and diagnostic plan to help the owner handle and treat this condition.