The rumors about the dogs and chocolate are correct, it can be a favorite treat, but it has negative consequences for all the breeds. Chocolates are toxic to dogs because of their theobromine component. Humans can efficiently metabolize this component, but the process of the dogs is slow which allows building up toxic levels in their system. A relatively small amount often leads to diarrhea, vomiting accompanied by an upset stomach.
However, a large dog can consume increased amounts as compared to the small dogs before suffering from ill effects. On the other hand, a significant portion of chocolate can have adverse effects like irregular heartbeat, muscle tremors, seizures, bleeding, and even death. All the chocolates are not the same and do not contain the same amount of theobromine. Amongst all, dark chocolate is the highly dangerous for dogs than other chocolates as it has a high level of toxic materials.
Chocolate has stimulants like methylxanthines, caffeine, and theobromine. These are toxic chemicals which can cause stomach disorders and upset the entire metabolic processes resulting in chocolate toxicity. However, the level of methylxanthines differs from product to product, but there is no specific amount which is safe for dogs. The individual methylxanthines vary from a dog to another. This is the reason some dogs eat chocolate and do not experience any harmful side effects, while a few dogs suffer very severely after eating a small amount.
All chocolates are not created in the same way, the dry cocoa powder has the highest amount of methylxanthines (28.5 mg/g) with unsweetened chocolate (16mg/g) dark chocolate (5.4 – 5.7 mg/g) milk chocolate (2.3 mg/g). Mild symptoms related to chocolate toxicity is visible when the dog intakes methylxanthines at least 20mg per kg of body weight. Heart problems due to chocolate toxicity can occur after intake of 40 to 50 mg per kg. Lastly, seizures start occurring at a dosage above 60 mg per kg. It means eating one chocolate bar is injurious and can have ill effects, especially for the smaller dogs. Similarly, a tiny piece won’t kill a large breed. However, it is not advisable to feed chocolate.
|Chocolate Type||Quantity||Dog’s Weight|
|Baking Chocolate||0.5 ounce||10 pound|
|1 ounce||20 pound|
|1.5 ounce||30 pound|
Baker’s Chocolate, Callebaut, Guittard, Lindt, Ghirardelli,
Menier, Valroha and Scharffeen Bereger.
|Dark Chocolate||1.5 ounce||10 pound|
|3 ounce||20 pound|
|4.5 ounce||30 pound|
|Milk Chocolate||3.5 ounce||10 pound|
|7 ounce||20 pound|
|10.5 ounce||30 pound|
|Recommended Companies||Kit Kat, Cadbury, Dove, Kinder, Toblerone, Ferrero Rocher, galaxy, mars|
|White Chocolate||47 pounds||10 pound|
|95 pounds||20 pound|
|145 ponds||30 pound|
If an owner suspects that the pet has eaten chocolate, one should call the vet immediately and look for the following signs.
It is one of the most common deserts on which people rely. The dog becomes ill and even dies if it eats any chocolate. Tips to prevent chocolate toxicity.
However, if the dog gets poisoned with chocolate, call the veterinarian as soon as possible or call the local poison control center for advice.