Reasons like soft tissue structures of the bone and teeth inside the mouth can act as catalysts in developing mouth tumors. Anything, be it the maxilla or the mandible jaws, the tongue or the pharynx can become a victim of this fatal condition. A significant number of oral or mouth tumors are malignant.
Other malignant tumors are:
Benign oral tumors is a general occurrence and comprise acanthomatous ameloblastoma and peripheral odontogenic fibroma. Oral tumors are quite common in dogs. Malignant an benign tumors of the oral cavity comprises about three to twelve percent of all tumor cases. Squamous cell carcinoma or malignant melanoma are the two most common oral tumors occurring in dogs.
The vet usually recommends an operation for treating the most advanced cases of malignant and benign tumors. Other treatment methods are radiation therapy, chemotherapy sessions, immunotherapy options, can also be indicated for few oral tumors instead of the surgical approach.
The treatment of the disease will depend on various factors such as:
Speaking on a general note, tumors of the benign nature excise with one centimeter of margins and malignant excises with two to three centimeters of margins.
Similar to the mandibulectomy procedure, in case of low grade and benign tumors, a less aggressive way of treatment is necessary. For large or malignant tumors, more aggressive techniques such as total or subtotal hemimandibulectomy come under recommendation.
Most dogs are discharged after two to five days of having the surgery. It is done after seeing the level of comfort, and ability to have food after receiving the operation. The owner has to bring back the dog once in a while in the clinic, for a recheck and incision processes.
The dog needs to wear a restrictive collar ten to fourteen days after the surgery to prevent the dog's natural tendency from scratching and paw on the wound. The wound has a sudden breakdown.
22 Jun 2022
22 Jun 2022