These dogs originated at a time when the Asian Hounds escorted the Hungarian Magyar tribes who entered Transylvania during the 9th century and were crossed with the local varieties and also with the Celtic hounds. The dog which was developed from the cross got enormous popularity during the middle ages, and the dog was mainly used for hunting in the forest regions and the Carpathian Mountains. These dogs had two varieties, long-legged and short legged. The long-legged kind was used for significant hunting games like bear, boar, lynx, and European bison, the other dog, hunted for hare, fox, and chamois.
Mostly nobility class for sports hunting owned it. The number of dogs declined hastily when agriculture became prominent, and in the 12th century, these dogs were on the verge of extinction. It got recognition in 1963 by the FCI, and the efforts of saving started from 1968. However, among both the varieties, only the long-legged ones remain in Romania and Hungary. This breed got natural recognition from the Hungarian Kennel Club while the United Kennel Club recognized it in the year 2006. However, the AKC (American Kennel Club) has yet not set any standard for this dog breed but added it to Foundation Stock Service Program in 2015.
|Facts About Transylvanian Hound|
|Breed Group||Hounds, Hunting Dogs, Scenthounds, Rare dogs|
|Country of Origin||Hungary|
|Other Names||Hungarian Hound, Transylvanian Scent Hound|
|Size & Height||Medium, (18 to 21 inches)|
|Weight||55 to 77 pounds|
|Competitive Registration / Qualification Information||UKC, DRA, AKC/FSS, ACA|
|Shedding||Average, mostly during spring|
|Litter Size||6-8 puppies|
|Color||Black and tan with white markings on its chest, neck, nose, lower limbs, forehead, and the tip of the tail|
|Life Expectancy||10-12 years|
|Coat||Dense with its length being more on its neck, the back portion of the upper thigh withers and underside its tail, Short, smooth, shiny|
Temperament & Personality
These dogs developed as a hunting breed, but they are great house pets because of their brave, loyal and friendly nature. These dogs survive best with the people on a farm or who lives in the countryside rather than living a condo life. Transylvanian hounds have high tolerance level and can survive in unfavorable weather conditions. They are ideal companion dogs and love to spend time with their family.
These dogs quickly mingle with older children and interaction with little kids needs supervision. Due to their hunting insight these dogs are very protective of their family and territory, they can do anything to protect them. They are very leery of strangers and growls and violently barks, if they spot any intruders inside its house, making the dog an ideal watch dog. These dogs are known for their direction sense and the smelling instinct which makes it curious to follow the scent if they come across it.
These dogs are energetic and require a substantial exercising schedule, like long, walks twice a day with some jogging and ample of exciting games in a play yard will keep them energized. Puzzle games or games like catching and ball games will not only keep the dog busy, but it will also provide mental stimulation. If the dog does not get adequate exercise, it might develop odd behaviors.
The dog does not require high maintenance, though it has a double coat because it is a low shedder. Brushing its coat once a week with a soft slicker brush or bristle brush will be helpful to remove dead hairs and dirt. It sheds twice a year and during its shedding season it will need bathing with a mild shampoo to accelerate the shedding process. Over bathing will keep the dog’s coat soft and shiny.
Sometimes the dog develops a bad odor or the doggy smell, to curb the smell a dry shampoo can be used, it will allow the dog to smell better and shine to its coat. The dog has droopy ears which retain moisture and wax collection and require checking every week to thwart painful infection. Their nails grow very fast and need checking every week; overgrown nails will require clipping with a clipper. Tooth brushing twice a week will keep up with its oral health and baffle tartar development.
It is a healthy breed and does not suffer from any severe health problems. It might suffer from Hip and elbow dysplasia sometimes. However, random tests like OFA on hips and elbows and random veteran checkups will keep the dog healthy.
Their eagerness to please their owners makes training easy. However, a firm and consistent trainer is crucial to check its stubborn and independent nature.
These dogs have a high prey drive when they are taken out of its territory which makes leash training crucial. They wander off to track various scents. Therefore, it is essential to acquaint them with commands like “Come,” “Go,” “Sit,” “No” and many more. This training will help the owner to control the dog quickly and will stop the dog from hindering.
They require socialization at an early age. Allow the pet to meet new people by visiting public places. Puppy parties, and a visit dog’s park will make the dog meet other canines and will quickly mix with them.
Obedience training will allow the dog to learn simple manners and etiquette which a pet dog must have.
To keep up with their energy level, they will require nutritious food. Homemade food rich in proteins and vitamins. 2 ½ cups of commercial dry dogs diet will be adequate for the dog. Dividing meals will keep its digestion on track. To acquire more details one can consult a vet.